Mosaic Blog

It is not a new Cold War: they are ‘gray zone’ conflicts

Mosaic Blog

In a previous article on Russia and the Catalonian secessionism I mentioned the ‘gray zone’: that intermediate space in the spectrum of conflict that separates the conventional political competition (white) from armed conflict (black). Although the term is relatively new its content is old: the Cold War was in great measure a gray zone conflict.

Washington does not want a Europe united in its Foreign Policy

Mosaic Blog

With Donald Trump as President of the United States this affirmation may be obvious.  But my argument is timeless.  No U.S. Administration is going to foster the European integration process, and much less its Defense and Foreign Policy dimension. Actually, the United States not only will show any enthusiasm but it will do all the possible to avoid a political united European Union, regardless who may occupy the White House.

Cybersecurity challenges for Latin America

Mosaic Blog

Cybersecurity is a topic that is obtaining more and more interest around the world. After the 2007 cyberattacks in Estonia, the world started realizing that cybersecurity is going to be a challenge they will have to address sooner or later, hence the creation of the Tallinn Manual by NATO two years later. This manual suggests how could cyberattacks be taken in the context of a war, but there is yet to exist an international law such as IHL regarding this sphere, nor there are any universal regulations whatsoever.

After Paris: Securing Cities in the Age of Uncertainty

Barbaric terrorist attacks committed on 13 Nov. in Paris sent shockwaves throughout Europe and the world. Multiple sites in the center of the French capital were simultaneously attacked with assault rifles and explosives, leaving more than 120 innocent people dead and hundreds more injured. The attacks were attributed to and claimed by ISIL, planned and carried out by its operatives living in France and Belgium. The French government reacted immediately declaring a state of emergency and employing all available resources for a rapid response.

Walking in Flanders Fields

A hundred years. This is the time that separates the present day from the one when the first bullet was shot to initiate World War I, a global armed conflict whose consequences determined the History of Europe throughout the 20th century. However, despite the long time that has passed, today we can still feel and see the scars of a war which took more than 16 million lives between combatants and civilians.