Dual Presidentialization and Autocratization: Turkey at a Critical Crossroad

Academic Papers

Turkey has suffered a process of autocratization in the last years. The political turn from a defective democracy towards a competitive authoritarianism is fundamentally related to a concentration and personalization of political power in the person of Erdogan, and to the influence of political institutions.

The political risk analysis

GESI Analysis 22/2018

Abstract: The nature of this document is purely didactic, since its purpose is to explain what the analysis of political risk consists of and how to carry it out. For its preparation, a bibliographic search has been carried out that, although far from being exhaustive, will allow observing the different approaches and methodologies of the political risk analysis. This document is intended to serve as the basis for one that will be elaborated later, carrying out an applied political risk analysis.

Cybersecurity challenges for Latin America

Mosaic Blog

Cybersecurity is a topic that is obtaining more and more interest around the world. After the 2007 cyberattacks in Estonia, the world started realizing that cybersecurity is going to be a challenge they will have to address sooner or later, hence the creation of the Tallinn Manual by NATO two years later. This manual suggests how could cyberattacks be taken in the context of a war, but there is yet to exist an international law such as IHL regarding this sphere, nor there are any universal regulations whatsoever.

Brazil, Pacification and Major Events: Forging an “Ambience of Security” in Rio

Revista de Estudios en Seguridad Internacional

This paper seeks to analyze the reshaping of the state security device in Brazil justified by the challenge of hosting the World Cup and the Olympic Games. The advent of these events ignited security programs designed to face possible threats and also the strengthening of law enforcement capability.

Situational Understanding on Violent Radicalization that Results in Terrorism. Two Graphic Models that Provide Clarity on the Topic

GESI Analysis , 26/2018

Abstract: This paper seeks to delve into violent radicalization. Regarding all the possible questions about violent radicalization that ends in terrorism, this paper will focus on the “why” and the “how”