This research program includes the following lines of work:
- Counterterrorism and jihadist terrorism. This was the origin of GESI and many of their publications focus on both topics. The following projects also belong to this field: Observatory on jihadist activity in the Maghreb and the Western Sahel, which offers a compilation of the main armed attacks as well as jihadism remarkable facts in both regions; Observatory on jihadist activity in Spain, including three sections: (1) mentions to Spain in the jihadist propaganda, (2) list of police operations against jihadism in Spain (1995-2016) and its geographical distribution (1995-2016) ; and (3) Database of jihadist events in Western Europe (2001-2013), which is linked to the project of the National Plan I+D+I CSO2010-17849 "The organizational structure of international terrorism: Analysis of its evolution and consequences for the european security ", which was completed in December 2013.
- Theory of armed conflicts, insurgency and counterinsurgency. This is another typical line of GESI which initially linked to research projects with the Training and Indoctrination Command (known by its Spanish acronym, MADOC).
- International peacekeeping and post-conflict stabilization missions, line closely related to the previous one.
- Another related areas, such as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and geopolitics of resources.
The work of GESI is mainly focused, but not limited to, the Maghreb, the Sahel and the Middle East. The security dynamics related to Russia, and Asia-Pacific-China are also analyzed. Furthermore, GESI intends to delve into the study of Security in Ibero-America. To this end, GESI maintains an academic collaboration with the Strategic Studies Center and the Chilean Army War College (CEEAG) as well as with the Master's Degree in International Relations at the University of El Salvador (Argentina).