Was the formation of the CIA necessary? Controversies

GESI Analysis, 36/2017

Abstract: In order to understand the concept given to the Central Intelligence Agency in its origin, the influences that led to its formation must be analyzed. The CIA is not a product of historical evidence. The need for it was previous, but it were the recent attitudes and events that shaped the agency and arranged its clauses and limits. The CIA became a branch and a model of security analysis, taking "Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability" as the main moral code to secure an object.

The civil-military relations in the Venezuela of Chávez

GESI Analysis, 26/2017

Abstract: Under the mandates of Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, Venezuela experienced a series of profound social, political and economic transformations. After his election in 1998, a process of modification of civic-military relations and the role of the military in society began. During the first decade of the 21st century there was a notable politicization of the military and a militarization of civil society.


Military Power and Effectiveness: A Review Essay of Three Theories

GESI Analysis, 21/2017

Abstract: Some policymakers and scholars assume that democracies are more effective warfighters. Their logic resides on two main ideas: First, given public participation in democratic foreign policymaking, this regime type will pick winnable wars while avoiding impossible conflicts. Second, since democracies foster individuality and critical thinking, they cultivate more military human capital within their societies.

Iran at a crossroad in 2017

GESI Analysis, 10/2017

Abstract: Two visions of Iran and the world will clash in 2017. On the one hand, President Hassan Rouhani´s preferences for internal moderation and the integration of Iran in the world economy and multilateral diplomacy. According to this view, the 2015 Nuclear Deal between Iran and the International Community is only the point of departure for a better future.

Realism vs Realism. The Change of Approach in The Eastern Border

GESI Analysis, 16/2015

The doubts concerning Russia’s revisionist nature were all cleared when Moscow decided to annex Crimea. With this step, Putin showed the world that neither international law, nor commercial blocking, nor international isolation were enough to stop him when Russian geopolitical interests are on the table.

The Triple Border Area, the Guaraní Aquifer and the American Interests in the Region: Evolution and Change of Scenario?

GESI Analysis, 15/13

The Triple Frontier or Triple Border Area (TBA) constitutes the geographic point where the Argentinean, Paraguayan and Brazilian borders meet, coinciding with the place where the Iguazú River flows into the Paraná River.

Militarization of Cities: The Urban Dimension of Contemporary Security

GESI Analysis, 10/2013

In addition to new dimensions and new referent objects in the field of international security, it is imperative to reconsider the geographical level of its analysis. The monopoly of nation-states on power is a thing of the past, as is the absolute predominance of national security and conventional warfare as we used to know it.