The Role of Conventional Forces within the ‘Gray Zone’

Analysis GESI, 24/2019

The concept of conflict in the so-called ‘Gray Zone’ is basically developed within a framework where the dichotomy between war and peace has been overcome and solved under the traditionally established thresholds of conflict. This general approach may lead us to think that the role of conventional forces is limited to deterrence against a potential enemy, especially when in most cases these forces are not even included in a contingency plan.

Information warfare: feed information with disinformation

Análisis GESI, 22/2019

Abstract: After the Cold War, Russian elites were convinced that the attempts at expansion of the European Union and the Atlantic Alliance, as well as the impulse of democratic values in the Eastern European countries, were designed to isolate Russia. In response, Russia began promoting the ideology of traditionalism, the sovereignty of States, and national exclusivity.

Refugees and Terrorism: the Real Threat

Análisis GESI, 17/2019

Abstract: The exponential increase of mainly Muslim asylum seekers to the European Union in 2014-2016 (which concurred with a dramatic intensification of religious inspired terrorist activities) raised numerous security concerns and countless questions about the link between refugees and terrorism and amplified xenophobic feelings and Islamophobia in some sectors of the European societies.

Strategic approaches adopted by the British and French in the Spanish Civil War

Análisis GESI, 12/2019

Abstract: The Spanish Civil War from July 1936 through April 1939 was a testing ground for the “policy of appeasement” that Britain and France practiced after the I World War in order to pursue their own national interests, while avoiding a major confrontation with Germany and Italy.

Violence, victimization and attitude towards democracy in Latin America

GESI Analysis 6/2018

Abstract: The present work has the objective of examining whether there is a correlation, on the one hand, between violence and attitude towards democracy and, on the other, between victimization and attitude towards democracy.

For this purpose, Latin America is taken as the geographical area and the period 2005 - 2015. Also, two hypotheses are proposed and comments will be made on how many cases are confirmed.

Was the formation of the CIA necessary? Controversies

GESI Analysis, 36/2017

Abstract: In order to understand the concept given to the Central Intelligence Agency in its origin, the influences that led to its formation must be analyzed. The CIA is not a product of historical evidence. The need for it was previous, but it were the recent attitudes and events that shaped the agency and arranged its clauses and limits. The CIA became a branch and a model of security analysis, taking "Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability" as the main moral code to secure an object.

Military Power and Effectiveness: A Review Essay of Three Theories

GESI Analysis, 21/2017

Abstract: Some policymakers and scholars assume that democracies are more effective warfighters. Their logic resides on two main ideas: First, given public participation in democratic foreign policymaking, this regime type will pick winnable wars while avoiding impossible conflicts. Second, since democracies foster individuality and critical thinking, they cultivate more military human capital within their societies.

Iran at a crossroad in 2017

GESI Analysis, 10/2017

Abstract: Two visions of Iran and the world will clash in 2017. On the one hand, President Hassan Rouhani´s preferences for internal moderation and the integration of Iran in the world economy and multilateral diplomacy. According to this view, the 2015 Nuclear Deal between Iran and the International Community is only the point of departure for a better future.